Queen Elizabeth National Park
Established in 1952, Queen Elizabeth National park is one of Uganda’s three oldest National parks, with an area of almost 2000 square metres (770 square miles) of grass Savannah, open bush country, riverine forest, lowland rain forests, wetlands, rivers and lakes. Bordering lake Edward and lake George, as well as Kazinga channel in the Western are of Great Rift Valley, the park has been designated as a Biosphere reserved for humanity under the auspices of UNESCO.
The park has its origin early in the 20th century, after many people fled the area when awave of sleeping sickness plagued the country. Between 1925 and 1947, these abandoned areas became two game reserves; Lake George and Lake Edward. In 1952, the reserves were merged into Kazinga National Park. Two years later, when queen Elizabeth of England visited the park, it was renamed in her honour. During Idi Amin’s regime, the park was renamed Rwenzori National Park, but it regained its original name in 1991, when the Rwenzori mountains National park was gazetted. One of the richest and well-managed park in Africa, supporting an outstanding density of wildlife, Queen Elizabeth was hard hit by Uganda’s wars, when animal populations there and elsewhere in the country were decimated. But the park is steadily regaining its past grandeur. It remains of the places on the continent to see a high concentration of hippos often at close quarters especially when you take launch boat trip along Kazinga channel.
The park is divided into two sectors, the north with park Headquarters at Mweya and the south, with the its Sub-Headquarters at Ishasha. Each sector has different ecosystems with their own distinctive attractions. Much of the northern sector is open savannah dotted with acacia and euphorbia trees. It is home to a variety, baboons, lion, leopard, several monkey species, chimpanzees in the Kyambura Gorge, spotted Hyena, Uganda kob, bushbuck, sitatunga, a semi-aquatic antelope, is known to live in the papyrus swamps around lake george. More that 550 bird species have been recorded including 50 raptors. In the southern sector, the tress climbing lions is one of the main interest to most visitors. Queen Elizabeth National Park is at its best after the rainy season of March – April and October November. The air is fresh, the green grass.